Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases( NIAID) — an limb of the National Institutes of Health( NIH) that in recent years has money gain-of-function research on at-bat coronaviruses at the Wuhan Institute of Virology( WIV) — has denied that such funding occurred.
Fauci told a House Appropriation subcommittee that $600,000 was given to the nonprofit EcoHealth Alliance, which funneled the money to WIV, over a five-year period for the purpose of studying bat coronaviruses and whether they could be transmitted to humans. 1
However, seeing gain-of-function( GOF) experiment, which refers to studies that have the potential to enhance the ability of pathogens to cause infection, including enhancing either their pathogenicity or transmissibility, 2 Fauci said, “That categorically was not done.”3
However, Fauci has long supported controversial GOF research, which you can hear him speak about in the video above, which aspects a hearing before the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs at the U.S. Senate, comprised April 26, 2012.4
Dual Use Research Is Inherently Risky
Dual use research is so named because it involves experiment on select agents and toxins that could either benefit society or destroy it, depending on whether or not it falls into the wrong hands. Fauci specifically are talking about dual utilize experiment of concern, or DURC, which involves 15 potentially deadly pathogens, including: 5
Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses
Anthrax( Bacillus anthracis)
Foot-and-mouth illnes virus
Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus
Toxin-producing stress of clostridium botulinum
Smallpox( Variola major)
Smallpox( Variola minor viruses)
DURC involves seven categories of research experimentations, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which includes GOF and may: 6
Enhance the harmful consequences of the agent or toxin
Disrupt immunity or the efficacy of an immunization against the agent or toxin without clinical and/ or agricultural justification
Confer to the agent or toxin resist to clinically and/ or agricultural useful preventative or care interventions against that agent or toxin or facilitates their ability to evade the methods used in detection
Increase the stability, transmissibility or the ability to disseminate the agent or toxin
Alter the host scope or tropism of the agent or toxin
Enhance the susceptibility of a host population to the agent or toxin
Generate or reconstitute an eradicated or extinct agent or one of the 15 DURC toxins or agents
Controversy Over H5N 1 GOF Research Began in 2012
Because GOF, or DURC, can be used to stimulate pathogens more readily be allowed to infect humen, it poses major biosecurity risks, which stimulates book of such data almost as controversial as the research itself.
Two studies on highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza kindled the discussion in 2012. One, led by Yoshihiro Kawaoka at the University of Madison-Wisconsin, identified molecular changes in H5N 1 that would allow it to transmit among mammals. 7
The other, led by Ron Fouchier at Rotterdam University in The Netherlands, genetically modified H5N 1 virus, building it airborne transmissible in ferrets. 8 As written in EMBO Reports in 2015:9
“Both groups introduced mutations into highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza( HPAI) that could potentially increase human-to-human transmitting of the virus. These mutations are classified as GOF because they increase airborne transmissibility in ferrets — a good modeling for human transmission.
Some in the research and biosecurity communities was worried that these experiments could result in accidental or intentional releases of the mutated pathogen, or that the now publicly available information about how to increase the human-to-human transmissibility of H5N1 influenza could be abused for developing biological weapons.”
Interestingly, the EMBO report actually was written to protest classifying Fouchier’s work as gain-of-function. However, in January 2012, six months before Fouchier’s article was published, 39 international influenza researchers announced a voluntary suspension on research related to H5N 1, which was expected to last-place 60 periods but continued until January 23, 2013, due to the highly controversial nature of the studies.
This motivated the U.S. to develop a DURC policy, which was released in March 2012; Fauci references it in the video above. 10
Dual Use Research’ Clearly Tips Towards Benefiting Society’
Fauci speaks favorably of DURC, despite its potential for grave danger. First, he instills fear in the naturally mutating viruses found in nature , mention, “Indeed, nature itself is the most dangerous bioterrorist, and even as we meet today, H5N1 and other influenza viruses are naturally mutating and changing with the potential of a catastrophic pandemic. This is no longer a theoretical peril. It is a real danger.”1 1
He later makes it clear that dual use experiment, including that which explicitly falls under the DURC label, should be allowed to continue: 12
“If a particular research experiment is identified as DURC, that designation does not inevitably means that this research shall not be required to be been issued , nor that it is necessary even be prohibited in the first place.
However, it does call for us, as you spoke about, to balance carefully the potential benefits of studies and research to public health, the biosafety and biosecurity conditions under which the research is conducted and the potential risk that the knowledge gained from such research might fall into the hands of those with ill intent.”
Even in light of the controversy, Fauci is steadfast in his support of DURC and GOF research, quoting its “clear” benefit to society: 13
“Importantly, the public attention and concern generated by this issue has triggered a voluntary suspension or delay on this type of research on the part of the influenza research community as well as a fresh look at how the U.S. government handles DURC as is an indication of a formalization of both governments wide plan to address the issue.
This policy, which was released on March 29, strengthens and formalizes ongoing efforts in DURC oversight and provides a description of my written testimony.
The ultimate goal of the NIH in its embrace of this new policy is to ensure that the conduct and communication of research in this area will remain transparent and open at the same time as the risk-benefit ratio of such research clearly tips towards advantaging society.”
Controversy Due to’ Public Misunderstanding’
During the hearing, Fauci minimise the public controversy over the two H5N 1 DURC studies, calling it a public misconception 😛 TAGEND
“I might point out that one of the causes of the public misunderstanding was the widespread impression that the virus that was transmitted by aerosol from one ferret to another actually killed the ferrets when, in fact, that was not the case.”1 4
So, by Fauci’s logic, the fact that the virus was genetically modified into a figure that induced it capable of being transmitted via the breath to mammals is inconsequential because it didn’t kill the ferrets during the experiment, and the public uproar that ensued was all a misunderstanding. In lending his further substantiate, he stated: 15
“We feel that these studies support critical information and it was important to determine if H5N 1 virus that has this enhanced transmissibility would remain sensitive to existing anti-influenza drugs and vaccines. In addition, and importantly, knowledge of the genetic mutations that facilitate dissemination may be critical for global surveillance of emerging influenza viruses.”
Another moratorium was placed on U.S.-funded GOF research in October 2014, after a string of concerning events, including publication of controversial GOF studies and high-profile “incidents” at U.S. biocontainment laboratories, led to more than 300 scientists launching a petition calling for an end to gain-of-function research. 16 That postponement was lifted in December 2017.17
However, according to Ronnie Cummins, co-founder of the Organic Consumers Association( OCA) and Alexis Baden-Mayer, OCA’s political administrator( as mentioned earlier in the Mercola link on GOF experimentations ):
“Exemptions to this’ interrupt, ’ eventually reviewed by a secret government panel, were nonetheless allowed to go forward. The banning was hoisted in 2017. Yet between 2014 and 2016, the NIH and Fauci-led NIAID continued funding gain-of-function research overseas at the Wuhan lab, via[ Peter] Daszak’s EcoHealth Alliance.
Not surprisingly both Fauci and Daszak have been staunch defenders of the official Chinese government story that the virus that causes COVID-1 9( SARS-CoV-2)’ naturally’ evolved from at-bats and/ or other host species to infect humans.”
Clear Links Show NIAID Funded GOF Research
In a May 11, 2021, Senate hearing, Sen. Rand Paul questioned Fauci on the NIAID’s funding of GOF research on bat coronaviruses, some of which was conducted at the WIV. Fauci denied the charge, saying, “The NIH has not ever, and does not now, fund gain-of-function research in the Wuhan Institute.”1 8 However, NIH’s funding of this research can be easily double-checked.
In a Truth in Media report, 19 investigative writer Ben Swann examines reports proving Fauci lied to Congress, including a newspaper titled “SARS-Like WIV1-CoV Poised for Human Emergence, ”2 0 submitted to PNAS in 2015 and subsequently published in 2016. In this paper, the authors state 😛 TAGEND
“Overall, the results from these studies highlight the utility of a platform that leverages metagenomics findings and reverse genetics to identify prepandemic menaces. For SARS-like WIV1-CoV, the data can inform surveillance programs, improve diagnostic reagents, and facilitate effective cares to mitigate future arrival events.
However, house brand-new and chimeric reagents must be carefully weighed against potential gain-of-function( GoF) concerns.”
At the end of that paper, the authors thank “Dr. Zhengli-Li Shi of the Wuhan Institute of Virology for access to bat CoV strings and plasmid of WIV1-CoV spike protein.” They likewise specify that the research was supported by the NIAID under the grant bestows U19AI109761 and U19AI107810, which together total $41.7 million.
As noted by Swann, this paper clearly spells out that the NIAID spent $41.7 million on GOF research, with the aim of determining how bat coronaviruses can be made more pathogenic to humans, and that this research continued after the 2014 postponement on such funding was implemented.
Shortly after the March 2021 Senate hearing, WIV deleted mentions of cooperation and collaboration with Fauci’s NIAID, NIH and other U.S. research partners from its internet site. 21 It also deleted descriptions of GOF research on the SARS virus. This appears to be an attempted cover-up , not only of their own involvement but also American government involvement.
Several members of the U.S. Congress, however, have recently been vowed to launch their own investigation to explore the lab accident theory. The Energy and Commerce Committee has also requested extensive records from both the NIH and EcoHealth Alliance detailing research and collaborations with WIV. 22 As George Washington famously said, “Truth will ultimately prevail where there are plans taken to deliver it to light.”2 3
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