They are increasingly being used to help create earthy, natural-looking interiors, but they also offer a number of healthy and environmental advantages including natural cooling, breathability and carbon storage.
Hemp is a fast-growing strain of the cannabis plant, often used as an eco-friendly building material as it is able to sequester carbon. For this project, it was grown at Margent Farm in Cambridgeshire, England and used to ensure the house has low embodied carbon.
The panels have been left uncovered throughout the interior to offer a warm and tactile interior finish, which is complemented by timber elements.
Cork is a renewable, resistant and insulating material that is reaped from the bark of the cork oak tree. In architecture, it is typically used in the form of solid blocks made by heating and blending cork granules, such as in Cork House by Matthew Barnett Howland with Dido Milne and Oliver Wilton.
In this project, the blocks are left uncovered throughout the building’s interior for a textured, natural looking. That is something that ensures the structure is recyclable after the dwelling’s helpful life.
According to the architects, applying cork also entails the house has negative embodied carbon, as it absorbed more carbon dioxide emissions than it ejected during construction.
Bamboo is a fast-growing grass described by architect Simon Velez as “vegetable steel” due to its strength and flexibility.
Architecture studio Brio used the material to support the roof of the Mumbai Artist Retreat in India. It is used in tandem with sword to create an readily demountable and rebuildable arrangement. The bamboo was left exposed internally but arranged in a zig-zag pattern to disguise its “natural irregularity”.
Papier-mache is a composite material made of paper or pulp bound with cements. In 2020, design-build studio I/ thee used it to create a prototype home called Agg Hab. The structure mixes virtually 300 pounds of recycled paper with 200 litres of non-toxic cements “thats been” handmade by the studio.
Openings in the surfaces of the residence introduce brightnes and accentuate its glossy finish. It was designed by the studio as an example of an environmentally low-impact home and to offer inmates “a primordial experience”.
It was fitted out by Nina+ Co to reflect the restaurant’s sustainable ethos. Alongside the illumination shades, there are mycelium tables and pouffes, picked as they are soft to touch, strong and biodegradable.
Mycelium is also able to sequester carbon and is cited by sustainability expert David Cheshire as “part of the solution” to creating carbon-negative structures.
Raffia is a durable, renewable and biodegradable fiber obtain access to the raffia palm tree that is typically used to attain woven textiles, baskets and hats. In this restaurant, it is teamed with wooden furniture, colorful tiles and cascading plants to offer a tropical aesthetic.
Cane is one of several natural materials used in the pared-back RO Skin store by O’Sullivan Skoufoglou Architects. It is sourced from the outer part of the naturally renewable rattan tree and is typically woven to create webbed patterns.
Here it has been mounted within an ash framework to create transparent display units and screens for therapy rooms, offering privacy while maintaining an open, light, earthy interior.
The paper was crumpled by the studio in collaboration with local residents, making rise to a textured, bumpy appearance. As the bar was created as a pop-up venue, the use of paper ensured the fit-out could be easily recycled after its closure.
In this instance, US architecture studio Hannah used ash damaged by an invasive beetle to create elements of this tiny Ashen Cabin in Upstate New York. The purpose was to demonstrate the potential of infested material that would usually be rejected.
“The advantage to using compromised ash for building is the fact that it both binds the carbon to the earth and offsets the harvesting of more commonly used wood species, ” the studio told Dezeen.
Thousands of injection-moulded algae tiles path the bathrooms in Frank Gehry’s tower for Luma Foundation in Arles, France.
They were made by Atelier Luma in 20 colourings by harvesting waterborne algae from salt flats in the nearby Camargue nature reserve. As algae consume and store CO2 as they develop, the tiles help lower the carbon footprint of the building’s interior fit-out. The project likewise stimulates employ of tiles made from salt and acoustic panels made from sunflowers.
This is the latest in our series of lookbooks providing curated visual inspiration from Dezeen’s image archive. For more inspiration realize previous lookbooks showcasing L-shaped kitchens, calm living rooms and colourful kitchens.
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